Toxics & Pollution
“Liberty may be endangered by the abuses of liberty as well as the abuses of power.”
– James Madison
Much of the history of winemaking over the past 60 years included the use of toxic chemicals in vineyards and in wineries. With the advent of the organic and biodynamic movement around the world, winegrowers have become increasingly interested in sustainable practices that reduce a harvest’s toxic exposure. Unfortunately, some toxicity – such as air or water pollution – may not necessarily be controlled from within the boundaries of a vineyard.